Showing posts from 2017

In The Pollinator Garden


Peppers in the Greenhouse. Monday


Bee City Campbellton Mascot


Pretty in Pink




Sunny Day, Few Clouds


Accessible Gardening

Anyone, if they want to, can garden. Appropriate design, that is design that understands and incorporates the wants and needs of the individual, is the key.  Gardening is the act or, as I prefer the art, of growing plants. While not all gardens are works of art, the designer, using basic design principles, incorporates the seven design elements (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and colour) when creating a garden. What plants the gardener grows is a personal choice and the variety of possibilities is vast. The most successful gardens embrace diversity and employ a wide palette when laying out a garden. All too often, people when they think about a garden, visualize flowers and-or vegetables planted directly into the ground in neat and straight rows. There is nothing wrong with this image and many successful gardens adopt this design. However, it is only one of a number of ways plants can be grown. This article begins an ongoing series that will look at how to create accessible gard…

Community Garden: Iris


Today's Greenhouse Planting

June 14, 2017.

Planted early jalapeno, sweet long peppers, and sweet bell peppers in the greenhouse today. 24 plants in total.

Planting the History Garden: Campbellton NB

The Galerie Restigouche Gallery History Garden June 10, 2017


Healthy soil means healthy plants. How do you keep your soil healthy?  Simple, use an organic fertilizer at the end and the beginning of each gardening season. Where can I get organic fertilizer? Easy enough, make your own from material already at hand. I am talking about compost which is an excellent organic fertilizer Now you can go out and buy compost, if you do choose an organic compost. However, a cheaper way to get compost is to make your own. I would be amiss to mention using well-rotted manure to feed the soil. Sheep manure, purchased locally, is my choice when no other source of organic fertilizer is available. Making your own compost is a straightforward process. All the material needed are right at hand. Food scrapes, not bone or meat, but vegetables are excellent compostable material. You can also add grass clippings to the mix. Besides adding grass clipping to the compost pile leave the bulk of the clippings where they fall when you cut the lawn. This is a cheap and healthy w…

Permaculture: ABC

Permaculture is an ethically based design methodology. The word permaculture was coined by its co-founders Bill Mollison and David Holmgren. Permaculture is formed from two words permanent and agriculture.
A is for Ant. Ants help to protect the garden from Aphids.
B is for Bee. Both honey bees and bumblebees help the garden to grow. Bees pollinate the plants so the plants will produce fruit and vegetables.
C is for Chickens. Chicken give eggs and help to recycle food and yard waste.
D is for Ducks. Ducks eat slugs and snails that want to eat your vegetables.
E is for Ethics. Permaculture design is based upon an ethical foundation: people Care, Earth Care, Fair Shares.
F is for Food Forest. A food forest is a garden modeled upon a forest.
G is for Gardening, garden, and gardener. Gardeners are growing food, herbs and flowers in the garden.
H is for H├╝gelkultur: H├╝gelkultur is raised garden beds filled with rotten wood and covered with soil and compost. These raised beds require little attentio…

Perennial Vegetables

If you are looking to reduce labour and increase your personal food security, take a close look at perennial vegetables.Rhubarb is a well known perennial food source. However, it is far from the only one that will thrive in our environment. Adding one or two of these perennial plants can increase your family’s food security. It is difficult to say what the future weather will be like, so, it is best to be preparade and to embrace diversity in the home garden. The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) also known as the sunchoke is native to eastern North America. The plant was given the name Jerusalem because it is allegedly connected to the Italian wordgirasola, which means sunflower.   This plant does have attractive yellow flowers. The root is the edible part and the principle reason for adding this plant to the vegetable garden. The tuber of the sunchoke can be used like potatoes. This plant is a prolific breeder so the grower can anticipate a good yield. However, this plants is p…

Sunny Day in The Garden

A great day between rainfalls to get out into the garden and take some photos. May 27, 2017.

Weather and the Garden

I never actually stop gardening. I do not think about it all the time. When I talk about gardening in this context, I am considering a bigger picture. How will the garden season evolve over the next few years is one question I consider? What will a changing weather system bring to the growing season? What can we grow that will thrive and feed our families? The weather has a direct and often an immediate impact on all living things, including the farm and the home garden. An unanticipated frost or cold snap can kill those tender annual vegetables. A prolonged dry spell may, at first, help plant roots grow as they go deeper and deep to find precious water. However, without irrigation, the crops will wither and die. The last few years have presented the region with some unusual weather. I do not know what is to come but I do believe in being prepared. There are steps we can take to keep our environment viable, even when the local weather presents us with challenges. For example, Synthetic f…

English Cottage Garden

I believe people should do what they can to grow some of their own food. I also believe that a garden without flowers is missing an important element. The English Cottage Garden fits perfectly with both these beliefs. The plant options the gardener can select from are numerous. If the garden was mine there are plant that would have to be included. For me, the ideal cottage garden would include hollyhocks and cosmos. These two add a majestic and ethereal beauty to any garden. There are also bee attractors. The hollyhock takes me back to my boyhood and the cosmos with its feathery foliage speaks of ancient times and a sense of mystery. After our long and sometimes, seemingly endless winters, a bit of early colour is welcome.  Thus, tulips, daffodils and crocuses belong in this garden. Lilies can bring beauty throughout the season due to the wide variety available Lavender, thyme, dill and basil will be there to add fragrance and flavour. Of course, tomatoes, strawberries and beans are all es…


A favourite flower, I really do not have one, my taste in plants covers a very wide range from asters to zinnias but there is one flower that gives me the most pleasure to grow and that is the daffodil. Daffodils are easy to plant as long as you remember pointed side up and plant them deep enough in a spot where they get what they need. They are ideal for a naturalized lawn such as the one we had between the house and the driveway in my parents home.  The daffodils come into bloom with another favourite the tulip right behind them. The daffodil makes a great cut flower and will last for approximately a week, maybe a bit more indoors. While there are many varieties available today, my choice is the traditional yellow; there is something so happy about that yellow that it can brighten even a grey day. However, the daffodils cheerfulness is not why this beauty brings me pleasure to grow; the real reason is that it is my wife’s favourite flower and her birth flower. I grow them for her s…

Greenhouse: Andrina Tomatoes

This heirloom cherry tomato originated in Russia and is one of the earliest tomatoes there is. The plants are extremely dwarf reaching 6" high and produce good yields of tasty cherry sized fruit. Great for containers! Determinate. (60-65 days from transplant)

Planted today (2017-05-17 in Greenhouse

What to Grow?

Over the years I have designed and grown a wide range of gardens from a one pot with tomatoes and basil on my balcony to a 1 acre commercial operation. One reoccurring question raised through all these various gardens’ projects over a 17 year period is whether to grow flowers or not. I am not talking about edible flowers but flowers that are grown purely for ornamental or ascetic purposes either as cut flowers for the table or bouquets or dried flowers for various craft purposes. To clarify the discussion further, I am not discussing commercial growing of cut flowers or flowers for drying, both of which could be solid business opportunities, but rather flowers grown purely for personal use and ascetic qualities. There are gardeners and then there are gardeners; some will only grow food and scoff at those who grow, for example, gladiolas. Te glad has no edible value but it perhaps one of the most beautiful flowers that I have seen. I have grown glads in containers on my balcony and in…

Preparing Balcony Garden

This garden is located on the third-floor balcony, only 3 hours of the sun per day and only near the edge.

Getting Balcony Ready

Good day, well tomorrow will be the first mild and sunny day in awhile so I will be getting the balcony planters ready. The upper balcony is my ornamental garden,. this year morning glories and nasturtiums will be the stars.


I was leaving Sobeys the other day when a reader stopped me and asked if I would write a column about bees. I encourage my readers to make suggestions about the column so here it is, bees and what we can do to keep them buzzing. Honey bees provide us with much more than honey.  The honey bee is a major pollinator of many of our food crops, almonds, apples, avocados, blueberries, cantaloupes, cherries, cranberries, cucumbers, sunflowers, watermelon and many other crops all rely on honey bees. When the honey bee is threatened, our food supply is threatened and we are also threatened. Fortunately, there are actions we can take to reduce the threat. One is to include in your home gardens plants that will attract and support the honey bee. The second is to provide an environment for other bees so that our gardens do not rely solely on the honey bee.  The bumble bee and the blue orchard mason bee, among others, also provide pollination services. They do not produce honey. The honey bee came to …


An annual plant is a plant that usually germinates, flowers and dies in one year.  Some love annuals because they make excellent cut flowers; some because annuals are easy to grow; some love them for their brilliant colours while others just love to create a new garden every spring.  The reasons do not matter as they are all sound; if you love to garden and enjoy bright vivid colours then annuals will satisfy your needs. I am very fond of annuals and cannot imagine a garden that does not have a few.  They enlarge the palette but perhaps, more importantly, they enable me to make simple but noticeable changes to my garden and perhaps even better, they give me a reason to get out in the garden.
You can add annuals to your garden, throughout the growing season.
Annuals bloom continuously and produce prolific amounts of seed and this requires the production of many flowers; all making a win-win situation for any gardener.

May 1, 2017


Why Study Permaculture Part One

Permaculture is a holistic, nature-inspired design methodology that can be used grow food, build businesses and create communities. There are a number of reasons why a permaculture course is valuable. Permaculture design can assist you to reduce your ecological footprint while saving you money, time and energy. This illustrates a permaculture concept- taking one action and accomplishing three or more tasks. If you are interested in learning more about permaculture, I recommend that you begin with an introductory course. This allows you to find out if you are intrigued enough to develop you knowledge and skills further or if you just want to take what you know and apply it your yoru daily life and work. Unless you want to become a teacher or permaculture design consultant, the intro course is all you need. However, if you seek more and want to consult and or teach then further work and learning is required. If you have your own land and want to grow all or much of your own food, the i…


Large or small we do love our lawns. We value them so highly we curse the so-called weeds without realizing they are doing us a service. But, I will talk about this service in another column. Our passion, perhaps for some an obsession, with our lawns, dates back to a time when not using space to grow food was a sign of wealth. People still devote hours and dollars to maintain a lawn that may look good but requires constant attention and far too many people rely on toxic chemicals to keep the green, green. Lawns are important. They provide a place for BBQs, family gatherings, a playground for the children and space for pets to roam. Lawns are needed but not in all cases and perhaps, in some, they could be smaller. Considering how people use lawns, picture children and the family dog rolling on the lush, green grass, why would anyone want to spray any toxic chemicals simply to control weeds. There are healthier ways. The first step in going chemical free is to determine what uses the back-ya…

Bee City Campbellton

Bees are pollinators, not the only ones, but the honey bee is most likely the best known. Bumble bees also help the plants they visit grow. You can see both honey and bumble bees going about their business in any thriving garden.

The City of Campbellton has recently undertaken a major step in recognizing the value of the bee and the services they provide us.
City Council has passed a resolution that names Campbellton a Bee City. By becoming a Bee City, we have agreed to join with other communities across Canada, to protect, promote and celebrate pollinators. The Galerie Restigouche Gallery is coordinating the Bee City efforts through this Facebook page.

Harvesting & Eating Dandelions

Here in Northen New Brunswick, a cold wind blows. Snow lies deep upon the garden but Spring is coming, yes it is. With the arrival of Spring comes dandelions, one of the first sources of nectar for bees and other pollinators. so do not fear dandelions but embrace them. Here is how.


Do You Grow Heritage Tomatoes?

My heritage tomato seed collection is growing if you will pardon the unintended pun. I am still deciding which tomatoes I will plant this year but between buying new varieties and saving seeds from past years,  I have a good basic heritage tomato seed collection.

What heritage tomatoes are you growing?


My seeds are arriving, not that I actually need seeds but there is something comforting about having my own seed library.

Next week my column will talk about one of my favourite summer vegetables, the cucumber. I am trying a new variety this season and will keep you posted with photos as to how it works out.

Galerie Restigouche Gallery: Heritage Garden Project.

The Heritage Garden Project created by the Galerie Restigouche Gallery is based on information gather from information generously provided by the Kings Landing Historical Settlement. 
A second source was the book, written by Wesley Greene, “Vegetable Gardening, The Colonial Williamsburg Way.” The seeds used in the Heritage garden are based upon the information Kings Landing provided.  The garden will grow onions, peas, beans, squash.\ and a few other varieties.

We plan to save seeds from the garden and replant them each Spring 2018. In this way, we will develop plants that are accustomed to the region. In time, we may be able to make some of these seeds available to local gardeners.  Herbs and plants that were used for medicinal purposes will play a vital part in creating this living testimony that is the Heritage Garden. 
The Heritage Garden project will create a legacy through its documentation using both digital video and still photography. The videos and photos will be posted on the F…