It only takes a little effort to design a bird garden. Start with a some research; what birds are native to your region and what migratory bids will drop by, perhaps only for a short visit during the spring and summer. A trip to your local public library can be useful.
Once you know who your visitors are likely to be, then you can start your design by selecting plants that appeal to them. This is similar to accepting guests in your home, you want them to feel comfortable, but unlike your human guests you want the birds to hang around as long as possible.
It is not necessary to convert your whole yard into a bird sanctuary,
although if that is what you want to do, enjoy. You can have your home vegetable garden, cut flowers, herbs and still create an area that is for the birds.
A bird garden will provide food and shelter as well as a look out
point, exactly what plants will do the job depends upon where you live.
However, regardless of your location, tall and medium size shrubs can
provide a nesting place and a food source for many species. An
herbaceous ground cover can provide a fine habitat for species, which
prefer to feed on the ground. They are among the most vulnerable of
birds because they are easier prey than birds up in a tree or on a
feeder, so give them some protection.
Use plants that are native to your area when designing your bird garden. Native plants are adapted to the growing conditions in yoru area and birds and other beings have been using them for shelter and to find food for many generations so the plants and the birds are well matched.
Using native plants not only attracts birds but also helps preserve the natural habitat of your region so you are helping to preserve regional bio-diversity when you sue native plants.
If you have only a small space to set aside for the birds that is
fine, two or three shrubs, a few wildflowers and some low growing herbs
can be all you need, as long as you do your homework first and match the
plants to the birds.